Toyota car safety: occupant safety

Toyota develops its vehicles and technology under the umbrella of an ‘Integrated Safety Management Concept’, one part of a three-pronged approach which involves continual improvement in vehicle safety as well as initiatives to improve driver and pedestrian awareness and to create a safe traffic environment.

Toyota’s eventual aim is to realise a society where traffic accidents are a thing of the past, which is why decades of research into safety technologies have resulted in Toyota cars receiving consistently high results in Euro NCAP crash safety tests, with the Prius,  Yaris, Auris, Verso, Avensis and RAV4 achieving the maximum five-star award.

Toyota’s THUMS computer-modelling system has greatly helped the progress made in occupant and pedestrian safety. In this post, we take a look at some of the passive safety technologies that protect occupants in the event of a collision:

Impact-Absorbing Body and High-Strength Cabin
Seatbelts with Pretensioners and Force Limiters
Whiplash Injury Lessening (WIL) concept seats
Active Headrests
SRS Airbags
ISOFIX child seat mounting points

Impact-Absorbing Body and High-Strength Cabin

The safety of occupants in a collision begins with the construction of the vehicle itself. Since 1968, Toyota has designed and built its vehicles to have impact-absorbing body structures that will crush in the event of an accident, soaking up as much energy from the collision as possible.

In 1987, Toyota further improved occupant safety with the introduction of a high-strength safety cabin that dissipates energy throughout the entire body and minimises damage to the passenger compartment.

Seatbelts with Pretensioners and Force Limiters

Toyota introduced the three-point seatbelt in 1967, and the humble but vital restraint device has been saving lives ever since with little significant change to its design.

Seatbelts are immensely strong – capable of withstanding a weight of two tons – and are designed to control the movement of occupants within the cabin, particularly by limiting any impact to the chest during an accident. Yet they are also comfortable to wear in everyday driving, essential in encouraging occupants to use them on every trip.

In 1991, Toyota added pretensioners to seatbelts, a mechanism that instantaneously retracts the seatbelts when a strong frontal impact is sensed. This, in effect, quickly clinches the seatbelt to remove any slack in the belt and tightly grip the occupant before the full force of the impact is felt by the body.

Force limiters were introduced in 1997 and work in harmony with the pretensioners to protect the occupant while minimising the impact of the seatbelt itself to the occupant’s chest. Force limiters maintain an adequate amount of tension on the seatbelt to restrain the occupant without the force of the restraint causing injury.

Seatbelts with pretensioners and force limiters are fitted to all Toyota passenger vehicles in the current range.

Whiplash Injury Lessening (WIL) concept seats

Just over half of injuries sustained in accidents in Japan were as the result of rear-end collisions, but approximately 90% of those injuries were neck injuries. That’s why Toyota developed the Whiplash Injury Lessening (WIL) concept seat, which first debuted in 1997 and was updated further in 2005.

The WIL concept seats are designed to cushion and support the occupant’s head and chest simultaneously, minimising the injury occurring from the head and torso moving in different directions. Toyota used its THUMS virtual-human computer modelling to confirm the effectiveness of the WIL concept seats in reducing whiplash injuries in lower speed rear impacts.

WIL seats are fitted as standard to most Toyota models, including Yaris, Auris, Prius, RAV4 and Land Cruiser.

Active Headrests

Active Headrests, introduced in 2007, are an extension to the WIL concept seats that further minimise neck injuries in rear-end impacts. A sensor in the seat is triggered by the lower back pressing into the seatback and activates the active headrest, which moves diagonally upwards and forward to catch the back of the head.

This technology decreases the severity of whiplash injury by a further 10-20% compared with the WIL concept seat on its own.

Active Headrests are featured on selected models in the Prius family, as well as Verso, GT86 and Land Cruiser.

SRS Airbags


The first SRS (Supplemental Restraint System) airbag was fitted to a Toyota in 1989, providing protection solely for the driver. Since then, Toyota’s SRS airbag systems have been expanded throughout the passenger cabin to the extent that some Toyota models have nine or more airbags that create a protective cocoon around their occupants.

SRS airbags are triggered in the event of serious collisions, inflating rapidly to produce cushion the occupant and reduce the risk of severe or fatal injury. Dependent on the model, SRS airbags include front airbags for head and chest protection, knee airbags, side airbags, curtain shield airbags, seat cushion airbags and even the revolutionary rear window curtain shield airbag specially developed for the tiny Toyota iQ.

ISOFIX child seat mounting points


ISOFIX is an internationally recognised standard that sets out the specification for secure anchoring of child safety seats in cars, consisting of two anchor points at the base of the rear seats and a top tether point. ISOFIX greatly reduces the risk of improperly fitted child seats, thereby increasing the safety and effectiveness of the child seat.

Occupant safety is a priority for Toyota, so all Toyota passenger vehicles are equipped with ISOFIX child seat mounting points.

To learn more about other Toyota safety technologies, see these related posts:

Braking technologies
Stability and control technologies
Monitoring systems
Safety through convenience


  1. Hi there, could you please check if my Toyota Aygo EO06 FKX has isofix? If so, is there any instructions available to fit. Thanks

    1. Hi Asma,
      Thanks for getting in touch with us. We hope you’re still loving your Aygo!
      We’ve checked our database and can confirm that your vehicle comes with ISOFIX fixings as standard. These are located where the seat back and seat bottom meet. Simply attach the car seat to these fixing points.

  2. Hi
    I wanted to know if my Toyota Land Cruiser Gx 2009 in Middle East have isofix and how can I locate them? The car interior is not leather ?

      1. Hi there, would you be able to tell me if my Toyota Aygo GK11 OYG has isofix points, the manual says it does but I can’t find them or the isofix tabs referred to in it. Thank you!

      2. Hi Natalie,
        Thanks for getting in touch with us.
        We’ve checked with our wider technical team, and your vehicle does not appear to have ISOFIX fixings.
        You can confirm this for yourself by looking at where the seat back and seat bottom meet on the outer rear seats as this is where the points will be should your model have them.

  3. I have a Toyota Auris SK09UDT. I need to find the anchor points behind the back seat. Do these come with the car?

    1. Hi Lymara,
      Thanks for your comment.
      Your vehicle does come with ISOFIX fixings as standard.
      These can be found on the back of the outer rear seats where the seat back and the seat bottom meet.

      1. Not the isofix on the bottom of the seat. The anchor points on the back of the seat at the top.

      2. Hi Lymara,
        Thanks for your reply.
        We’ve checked with our technical team, and there is no indication that your vehicle is fitted with these top tether points.
        These should be visible on the middle or top rear of the seats should your vehicle have them, so you can check this visually.

    1. Hi Mo,
      Thanks for contacting us.
      Due to the age of your vehicle, there is limited information for us to access.
      There is information in a parts catalogue indicating that an ISOFIX bracket is fitted, and this can be confirmed by putting your hand between the seat base and seat back on the rear outer seats and feeling for the two metal eyelets they are roughly 30cm apart.
      However, a Toyota Centre will be able to confirm this for you, and you can find your closest dealer here:

  4. Hi
    I have a Toyota Avensis from 2010, and it have isofix in the back seat. But I was wondering if it was possible to have it installed in the passenger front seat which some car manufacturers offered by buying a complete new seat to the car.
    Is this possible with Toyota and my model?

    1. Hi Zabeeh,
      Thanks for your comment.
      We would recommend contacting Toyota in your region for further assistance, as we are only able to advise on UK specification vehicles.

  5. Hello,

    I have a Toyota Corolla Hatchback 2004 model and I’m looking for information regarding the availability of top tether point for a child car seat to be installed on the back seat. The child car seat is a Britax romer Advansafix i-Size.

    In case there isn’t a top tether point, is there an alternative point that could be used for this purpose?

    Thank you

    1. Hi Nikolaos,
      Thanks for contacting us.
      Please could you provide us with a UK reg? We can then look into this for you.

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